Flaxivert – Reduces risk of cardiovascular disease associated with dyslipidemia
Dyslipidemia is the increase in lipids (fats) in the blood. Of the lipids that are present in the body there are substances such as cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides.
What is cholesterol and how it can be harmful?
It is a substance necessary for the proper functioning of the body. It is useful in the formation of cell membranes, some hormones, vitamin D, etc.
Cholesterol has two sources:
Some are formed in the liver from dietary fats (mostly cholesterol);
Some come directly from foods containing cholesterol.
Careful! Atherosclerotic process starts early (sometimes even in childhood) and advancing “silently” without symptoms, sometimes for years, until the emergence of significant arterial narrowing. So it is normal to have cholesterol, but to a certain limit. Beyond this limit becomes harmful.
Increasing the amount of cholesterol in the blood, above the values considered normal, is called hypercholesterolemia.
A large amount of blood cholesterol leads to atherosclerosis, characterized by the deposition of fat and cholesterol in artery walls, leading to narrowing and even clogging. The consequence can be a myocardial infarction or a stroke.
What are LDL-cholesterol (LDL) and HDL cholesterol (HDL)?
For cholesterol to be transported in the blood, in the liver it is connected to some transport proteins. The combination which is formed is called lipoproteins.
Cholesterol + Protein = Lipoprotein
There are several types of lipoproteins. With practical importance are two of them:
LDL, also called “bad” cholesterol, carries most of the cholesterol in the blood and is the source for the formation of atherosclerotic lesions that lead to narrowing of the blood vessel.
Higher LDL = greater the risk of heart disease!
HDL, also called “good” cholesterol, transports cholesterol from various parts of the body back to the liver, leading to his removal from the body, so to protect the blood vessel. Lower HDL levels = greater risk of disease heart!
What are triglycerides (TG)?
Triglycerides are fats that come from food or produced in the body.
There are also categories of persons to which TG levels are usually increased: those with diabetes, obese individuals.
If there are high levels of TG then there is high probability associated with an increase LDL and decrease HDL.