WHY DO HEMORRHOIDS OCCUR AND WHAT WE CAN DO?
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are a condition characterized by swelling of the veins in the anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. They can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Even though they are a common condition, the good news is that they can be prevented or treated with a healthy lifestyle and the help of herbs.
Why do hemorrhoids occur?
Basically, there are certain habits that many of us have that cause hemorrhoids to appear. Sedentarism, heavy lifting or unhealthy eating are among them. If you are used to eating fast food or snacks and little or no vegetables and fruits, you may not be getting enough dietary fiber. Therefore, constipation occurs, which can aggravate the problem. Studies show that fiber supplementation helps reduce hemorrhoid symptoms and bleeding. But don’t expect miracles overnight, because it takes a month of a healthy diet until the unpleasant symptoms disappear.
Types of hemorrhoids
The signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids usually depend on the type of hemorrhoids, and as we said above, they are of several types.
External hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus. And signs and symptoms may include itching or irritation in the anal region, pain or discomfort, swelling around the anus, or even bleeding.
Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum. They usually cannot be seen or felt and rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause painless bleeding during stool or pain and irritation.
Hemorrhoids are thrombosed when blood collects in an external hemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus). These can result in severe pain and inflammation.
How can you prevent hemorrhoids?
The biggest contribution in improving the manifestations of hemorrhoids as well as in their appearance is the healthy lifestyle.
When to go to the doctor?
If you have bleeding during stools or pain when passing stools, or if stools change color or consistency, and in either case you pass large amounts of blood, feel dizzy or faint, seek emergency medical attention.
Which specialty can you turn to?
It is preferable to ask the opinion of the family doctor, a gastroenterologist when there is bleeding, or a surgeon or proctologist for the best advice regarding the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease.